A facial peel is a very effective treatment that can even be done at home, using special masks. But the best results can only be achieved in a clinic.
The peel helps to close pores, purifies the skin, reduces wrinkles and promotes the complete removal of acne and post-acne.
Pros and cons of the facial peel procedure
Opinions/feedback from cosmetologists
Opinion of reputable international sources on facial skin peels
The so-called skin peeling treatment is used to treat chloasma, pronounced freckles, excessive oiliness, persistent cases of vulgar acne, rosacea and to improve skin tone. It is also useful after scarification to improve pitted scars from common acne, smallpox and chickenpox.
The term "skin flaking" refers to artificially created peeling of the stratum corneum, sometimes extending beyond it, caused by various chemical or physical measures.
There is usually continuous desquamation of the outermost cells of the stratum corneum as part of the process of physiological life and death of epithelial cells.
What have the developers of enriched peels achieved and what are their advantages over other types of chemical peels?
- Atraumatic - no redness, flaking or skin irritation;
- Allow the client to remain fully socially active;
- Highly effective - comparable to median peels in the case of heavy peeling;
- The possibility of a personalised selection for the client according to their skin type and problem.
Cleansing is not contraindicated for all skin types (dry, normal, oily).
Peels are a rather traumatic procedure and therefore have a number of limitations:
- overly sensitive skin;
- the presence of injuries (wounds and abrasions on the face);
- less than 18 years of age;
- acute acne or herpes infections;
- pregnancy, lactation;
- tendency to be allergic.
Peels can remove a variety of imperfections and help maintain healthy, fresh skin.
A professional's supervision and compliance with all recommendations are prerequisites.
Painful sensations are characteristic of medium and deep chemical facial peels. Luckily, however, this is short-lived, usually lasting up to a few hours.
Redness of the skin appears after any type of peel. Only superficial peels produce a slight redness that lasts less than a week. The more severe redness from medium and deep chemical facial peels lasts for up to four weeks.
Itchy and flaky skin is a common consequence of medium to deep chemical peels.
Allergies are quite rare. If the patient has any allergies, the peeling should be done at the same time as taking antihistamines.
- Chemical burns to the skin of the facecan occur during medium and deep peels, as they contain high concentrations of acids. If the product is incorrectly selected without taking the skin type into account, burns can occur. The risk of such a complication is increased when the procedure is performed by a cosmetologist who is not a trained cosmetologist and not an experienced dermatologist.
- Folliculitis or acne appears as a result of improper use of special creams needed to take care of the healing skin. You will then have to take antibiotics.
- Bacterial or fungal infection - is quite rare, but if it occurs, it leads to unpleasant consequences such as scarring. A similar situation is caused by the use of medium and deep chemical facial peels.
- Reappearance of herpes can lead to the formation of scars. To avoid this, antiviral medication must be taken. Patients with herpes that break out regularly combine the peeling session with accompanying medication (antivirals or immunostimulants).
- Hyperpigmentation - is caused by inflammation of the skin in response to the effects of chemical peels. This complication is temporary, but can last up to two years. In such a case, pigmentation can only be eliminated by using specific products, e.g. hydroquinone.
- Hypopigmentation - is the loss of the skin's natural tone. It occurs after the use of chemical peels on dark skin. There are cases where hypopigmentation is permanent.
- Teleangiectasias (spider veins) - the well-known small, red-coloured blood vessels underneath the skin. They often appear after a peeling procedure. Vascular spider veins can nowadays be eliminated in medical centres without any problems by using lasers.
- Demarcation lines appear also as a result of the use of medium and deep peels and are expressed in clearly visible lines between the areas of skin where the product was applied and where it was not.
- Scars - is a relatively rare complication of chemical peels. Reddening and itching of the skin can be the first sign of scarring.
The procedure achieves several results at once and has several indications.
What is the essence of a facial peel:
- Rejuvenation: Return the skin to its natural glow, smoothing out skin tone and texture.
- Renewal: activates accelerated regeneration of epidermal cells, stimulates collagen production, improves blood circulation.
- Combat imperfections: cleanses and helps to narrow pores, reduces facial black spots, hyperpigmentation and expression lines.
- Allows oxygen to reach the cells.
- Improves the penetration of the active ingredients of home beauty products.
Feedback from private users
If you compare my face at the stage I came in for the peel and now that I'm coming out of the peel, the difference is SIGNIFICANT! I'm not saying that everything is perfect, but now I'm restoring more skin texture and cleaning up inflammation, which is almost gone!)))
the complexion is lighter and more beautiful
a pleasant, healthy glow to the skin
the texture of the skin is very delicate, like that of a child
there are fewer acne spots, pits and rashes
I can draw one very important conclusion from the whole procedure - peeling will help you with many facial problems, but only as a complex treatment, not as a stand-alone procedure.
The procedure itself lasted about 10-15 minutes, of which the beautician just kept me calm for 5 minutes as I'm an incredible coward and scared of everything.
The result: the skin became photosensitive, even though the peel was aimed against this. The colour of my skin, though, has improved, it has started to glow. In summer, I use an SPF cream with a high sun protection factor. I don't get spots after the sun, thanks to it.
Overall, I don't regret the peel! I would really like to do it again, but my beautician doesn't recommend it, so I had a phototherapy treatment.
Now, is it worth it? I can't answer unequivocally, there is an effect, but a very weak one, and that's with complex treatment. And such anguish, both physical and social. And the procedure is not cheap.
I still recommend a peel, for those whose skin is not resistant to treatment. But it is necessary to plan the treatment carefully, keeping out-of-home appearances to a minimum, and to care for your skin just as carefully afterwards, following your beautician's recommendations.
The price of a chemical peel depends on the type of peel; the more serious the treatment, the more expensive it will be. We carry out deep esfoliation on an inpatient basis, while medial and superficial ones are carried out on an outpatient basis. We look forward to seeing you among our clients!
Chemical peels most often include:
- Alpha hydroxy acids,
- Beta hydroxy acids,
- Trichloroacetic acid,
- Retinoids and phenol.
- Preparations based on hydroxy acids
Alpha-hydroxy acids are components of superficial chemical peels.
- Often glycolic acid is used, but other types of fruit acids such as citric acid, lactic acid, malic acid and tartaric acid synthesised from grape skins can also be included in such peels.
- Chemical glycolic facial peels can be either superficial or intermediate. This depends on the saturation of the glycolic acid solution in the preparation. Peels with these acids are recommended for people with dry skin.
- Beta hydroxy acids. These include salicylic acid, for example.
- Beta hydroxy acids are to some extent superior to alpha hydroxy acids in their depth of penetration into the dermal layers, which allows the acid concentration to be reduced to a minimum.
- In addition, salicylic acid is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, which are more suitable for patients with sensitive skin. Salicylic acid belongs to the group of fat-soluble ones, so it is used in chemical peels for people suffering from acne and with oily skin type.
Professional brands of superficial chemical facial peel products that contain alpha- or beta-hydroxy acids, are relevant:
- "MD Forte,
- "Agera RX,
- "Jan Marini",
- "LA Peel,
- "Mene & Moy,
- "Skinceuticals Gel Peels,
- Preparations based on trichloroacetic acid.
Trichloroacetic acid, which has a concentration of 25-30%, is most commonly injected in a mid facial chemical peel, while in a deep facial peel it has a concentration of 40%. In addition to the already mentioned properties, trichloroacetic acid is excellent for dealing with the first wrinkles, which have not yet become deep.
A chemical facial peel containing this acid is a blue-coloured product, hence the name blue facial peel.
Professional brands of products used for mid facial chemical peels with trichloroacetic acid as their base, are relevant:
- "Skintech Peels,
- "Mene & Moy,
- "Obagi Blue Peel.
Yellow facial peel
The yellow facial peel is a mixture of retinaldehyde, which is a natural metabolite of beta-carotene and vitamin A, with vitamin , as well as acids such as phytic, kojic and azelaic. Firstly the face should be cleaned from dead skin particles with a special compound based on 20% glycolic acid. A retinoid-rich yellow peel is then applied to the skin prepared in this way.
Kojic and phytic acids are introduced in chemical facial peels to remove age spots. Azelaic acid is valued for its antibacterial properties, ability to deal with free radicals and normalisation of skin oiliness.
Vitamin C is involved in collagen production.
Retinoic acid promotes the proliferation of the epidermis and helps control sebum secretion.
Yellow Peel is produced by many companies, including the aforementioned Mene & Moy and several others. Although the composition of the yellow peel is quite diverse, we cannot say that this type of chemical peel is superior to the others. Yellow peels are used in the same cases as all other types of peels.
Types of facial peels
Let us tell you how a peel is done, depending on the principle, depth and method of its effect on the skin.
This type of professional peels is based on acids (glycolic, lactic, salicylic), which dissolve the bonds between keratinised cells and trigger their accelerated regeneration process. The depth of skin damage depends on several factors.
There are three types of chemical peels:
- Superficial peeling: fruit acids are used, e.g. glycolic acid in various concentrations or vitamin C. The acid affects only the top layer of the epidermis. The result is a slight renewal and smoothing of the skin texture, an improvement in the complexion and the return of a natural glow. After the treatment, there is a slight flaking of the epidermis.
- Midline peel: It affects the deeper layers of the skin and is considered more aggressive than superficial peels. A midline peel consists of TCA, azelaic and salicylic acids or vitamin A (retinol) in high concentration. After the procedure, the skin actively peels off for 5 to 7 days.
- A deep peel: is the most serious and traumatic procedure, with phenol as the active chemical ingredient. The deep peeling process removes the entire top layer of the skin and achieves a powerful rejuvenating effect.
It works on the skin with abrasive particles, similar to a skin scrub. Natural and synthetic ingredients are used: sea salt, sugar crystals, crushed apricot kernels, nutshells, coffee as well as polymeric beads and granules.
There are several types of mechanical peels: microdermabrasion (carried out with abrasives such as titanium dioxide, diamond or coral dust).
Machine peels (professional peels)
A professional facial peel that is performed exclusively in the office of a cosmetologist. It affects different layers of the skin and the period of rehabilitation varies depending on the depth of exposure.
A specialist will help you choose the appropriate exfoliation method according to your age, skin type and needs, and according to the imperfections present.
- Laser dermabrasion: The most popular method of salon exfoliation, carried out by destroying the stratum corneum with a laser beam.
- Fractional thermolysis: multiple laser treatment of the skin at a given depth.
- Gas-liquid peels: Gentle micro-peeling with a powerful jet of oxygen, carbon dioxide and vitamin cocktail, providing instant effect by oxygenating the cells and cleansing them thoroughly.
- Ultrasonic peeling: The gentlest method of salon facial peels by applying ultrasound waves to the tissues, suitable for treating oily problem skin to remove acne and moisturise the epidermis.
Which peel to choose depending on your skin type, because a universal formulation effective for all skin types... is a myth! Let's take the DermaQuest enriched peels as an example:
- Dry skin
Acid composition: AHAs, with lactic acid preferred at a young age and in combination with glycolic acid at an older age.
- pH up to 3.5 - working on moisturising + gentle elimination of horny masses.
Enriched peels with a high concentration of hyaluronic acid, enzymes, antioxidants and Vitamin C are preferred - they also increase the skin's moisture retention function.
Milk peeling for delicate and sensitive skin - the most atraumatic peeling against dryness and dehydration, for all skin types!
Contains 30% lactic acid, micronised hyaluronic acid and red grape stem cells.
Principle of operation: Eliminates hyperkeratosis, restores the skin's barrier function, retains moisture within the skin and prevents moisture loss.
- Oily skin
Acidic composition: combination of AHA (in low concentrations) with salicylic acid 2%.
AHAs loosen the stratum corneum and salicylic acid (a sebolytic in this concentration) dissolves excess surface fat and comedones. It has an antiseptic effect - preventing rashes.
- pH 3.5 - 2.5
Enriched peels containing sebo-regulators (e.g. Lilac Stem Cells), antioxidants and antiseptics.
Almond Peel with Azelaic Acid and Hibiscus - enriched with Lilac Stem Cells, contains Azelaic Acid and plant extracts with versatile action - regenerates and moisturises.
It has sebo-regulating, antiseptic and antioxidant properties - especially recommended for those prone to oily shine and occasional inflammatory rashes.
Pumpkin pulp peeling (basic) - atraumatic skin cleansing. contains pumpkin pulp 40%, salicylic acid 2%, glycolic acid and lactic acid 3% each.
Cleanses comedones by dissolving sebaceous plugs, has a sebo-regulating and antibacterial effect. Effective for acne of grade 0-2.
Due to the warming effect of the pyrogens and the cleansing effect of the acids and enzymes, it works like a skin cleanser.
Increases microcirculation and oxygen supply to the tissues, against tissue hypoxia - rejuvenation and resolution of stagnant spots; lymphatic drainage function - against swelling.
- Sensitive skin
Acidic composition: preference for milk peels.
- pH 3.5 - 3.0 (atraumatic).
Enriched with: hyaluronic acid, additional antioxidants, moisturising and soothing complexes.
Milk peel for delicate and sensitive skin (see above)
MangoBright Peel is a moisturising peel based on mango pulp, phytic, kojic and lactic acids, enriched with sweet orange stem cells, antioxidants and multi-targeted plant extracts.
Brightens diffuse perpigmentation on the face, after excessive sun exposure - uneven complexion and eliminates photo-ageing of the skin. Inhibits melanin production and tyrosinase enzyme activity.
It evens out skin tone, gives the skin a "healthy glow" and a fresh, rested, fuller look from the inside.
- Age-appropriate skin
The selection principle is the same, only:
The acid concentration is slightly higher (except for sensitive skin) and the pH is lower;
Enriching the formula with anti-age ingredients (peptides, plant stem cells and antioxidants).
Vitamin C Infusion Peeling - enriched Anti-Oxidant Vitamin C Peeling (15%) - "facelift". Activates cell renewal, stimulates the production of collagen and hyaluronic acid, smoothes wrinkles, improves skin tone and turgor. Correction of photo-ageing.
Contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C) 15%, lactic acid 10%, hyaluronic acid 10% and phytic acid 5%. The peeling is enriched with Sweet Orange Stem Cells - activate collagen production and Derm SRC PF complex - powerful stimulation of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid synthesis in the dermis.
Peptide Power Peel - a peel for expression lines with Botox effect.
Contains peptides 25% with botulinum-like and revitalising effect - anti-wrinkle action, lactic acid 20%, hyaluronic acid, Phytoamine and Amisol Trio - active skin hydration and restoration of moisture retention function. enriched with red grape stem cells.
Effective against all kinds of wrinkles!
Pumpkin pulp peeling (powerful) - skin rejuvenation for deformational type of ageing. Contains pumpkin pulp 40%, salicylic acid 2%, glycolic acid and lactic acid 10%. Enriched with Sweet Orange Stem Cells. Immediately after the treatment, a powerful lifting effect by activating blood circulation and anti-inflammatory action.
Before and after photos
Facial peels reviews by cosmetology doctors
The treatment is suitable for women and men of all ages. It is also prescribed for young people suffering from hormonal acne, as well as for women aged 40+ who have developed age-related changes on their face.
A chemical facial peel that is truly effective can only be done in a salon. A cosmetic surgeon will select the best type of peel for your skin type and condition.
A chemical facial peel aims to remove dead skin particles. Speed and depth of exfoliation depends on several factors:
- type of acids used
- acid concentration
- Acid exposure time on the skin
The effect of chemical facial peels depends on the type of acid chosen:
- Alpha acid. The acids act on a cellular and molecular level - quickly removing dead epidermis, normalising moisture levels and PH.
- Beta acids. Normalises sebum function, eliminates hypersecretion and narrows pores. Acids dissolve impurities and block the growth of harmful bacteria.
- Polyhydroxy acids. A new generation of products with a gentler effect. The acids are suitable even for sensitive skin.
The best chemical facial peels always start with a gentle cleansing of the skin. Afterwards, the cosmetic surgeon applies an acidic solution. A chemical facial peel with acids is a controlled burn, but under the supervision of a doctor it is completely safe. The peeling composition may contain a complex of acids - from 3 to 5.
The duration of the acids' contact with the skin depends on the selected product. At the end of exposure, the acids are washed off and a soothing agent is applied to the skin. Facial peeling with chemical acids lasts on average 20-30 minutes.
Skin tends to regenerate itself, rejecting keratinised epidermal cells and helping new ones to develop. As we age, our skin's capacity for self-cleaning diminishes: at 20, the regeneration cycle is 28 days; by 50, it is twice as long. The cells die off and accumulate on the surface of the epidermis, which becomes coarser and thicker.
To prevent such changes, the cells need constant nourishment, hydration and exfoliation.
- Removing the keratinized layer of the epidermis is an essential part of good facial care. The exfoliation procedure is carried out with the help of special exfoliants that are able to gently cleanse the dermis at a deep level. Such products include facial peels.
- A facial peel is a treatment that uses acids, enzymes or ultrasound to break down the bonds between the cells of the stratum corneum, the rootodermosomes. The peeling is a kind of damage that entails intensive regeneration of the skin.
- There are several types of peels, depending on the depth of exposure: for superficial or deep skin layers. As the procedure disturbs the epidermis, it is mandatory to protect the skin from the sun afterwards, which is why peels are mainly an autumn-winter treatment.
Chemical facial peels and age - are they related? The procedure is suitable for women and men of all ages. It is also indicated for young people who suffer from hormonal acne and for women aged 40+ who have developed age-related facial changes.
Standard age recommendations:
- From the age of 18. When prescribed by the doctor, peels are performed with fruit acids, which gently exfoliate the top layer of the skin, smooth out relief, and eliminate enlarged pores and acne.
- 20-30 years. A course of chemical facial peels can get rid of age spots, acne, and prevent photo-ageing and chrono-ageing of the skin.
- 35+. A chemical facial peel at a beautician will prevent and relieve skin blemishes, fine lines and age spots.
- 45+. A deep chemical facial peel is indicated at this age. It aims to rejuvenate the skin and stimulate the natural regeneration processes.
A chemical facial peel is a procedure that deeply renews the skin. The acidic formulations used in peels dissolve dead cells and trigger regeneration processes.